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Mother's Day Trivia and History

ENGLAND'S MOTHERING SUNDAY

  mother's day pictureLa Historia y Leyendas del Dia de Las Madres (Oprima aqui)

 

Mother's Day is celebrated by some as an obligatory observance, and some deride it as being too commercial. Nonetheless, many people are grateful for a chance to express to their mother's -- and other women as well -- warm feelings and genuine appreciation.

Many people are uncertain about its origins. Below is the history and origins of Mother's Day.

EARLY CELEBRATIONS

The earliest Mother's Day celebrations are traced back to the spring celebrations of ancient Greece in honor of Rhea, wife of Cronus and the Mother of the Gods and goddesses. In Rome the most significant Mother's Day-like festival was dedicated to the worship of Cybele, another mother goddess. Ceremonies in her honor began some 250 years before Christ was born. This Roman religious celebration, known as Hilaria, lasted for three days - from March 15 to 18! Some say the ceremonies in honor of Cybele were adopted by the early church to venerate the Mother of Christ, Mary. Others believe the Mother Church was substituted for mother goddess and custom began to dictate that a person visit the church of his/her baptism on this day. People attended the mother church of their parish, laden with offerings.

ENGLAND'S MOTHERING SUNDAY

During the 1600's, England celebrated a day called "Mothering Sunday", celebrated on the 4th Sunday of Lent (also called Mid-Lent Sunday)."Mothering Sunday" honored the mothers of England. As Christianity spread throughout Europe the celebration changed to honor the "Mother Church" -- the spiritual power that gave them life and protected them from harm. Over time the church festival blended with the Mothering Sunday celebration . People began honoring their mothers as well as the church. During this time many of the England's poor worked as servants for the wealthy. As most jobs were located far from their homes, the servants would live at the houses of their employers. On Mothering Sunday the servants would have the day off and were encouraged to return home and spend the day with their mothers. A special cake, called the mothering cake, was often brought along to provide a festive touch. Sometimes furmety was served - wheat grains boiled in sweet milk, sugared and spiced. In northern England and in Scotland, the preferred refreshments were carlings - pancakes made of steeped pease fried in butter, with pepper and salt. In fact, in some locations this day was called Carling Sunday.

Another kind of mothering cake was the simnel cake, a very rich fruit cake. The Lenten fast dictated that the simnel cake had to keep until Easter. It was boiled in water, then baked, and was often finished with an almond icing. Sometimes the crust was of flour and water, colored with saffron.

INTEREST STARTS IN THE UNITED STATES

In the United States Mother's Day was first suggested in 1872 by Julia Ward Howe as a day dedicated to peace.

The cause of world peace was the impetus for Julia Ward Howe's establishment, over a century ago, of a special day for mothers. Following unsuccessful efforts to pull together an international pacifist conference after the FrancoPrussian War, Howe began to think of a global appeal to women

"While the war was still in progress," she wrote, she keenly felt the "cruel and unnecessary character of the contest." She believed, as any woman might, that it could have been settled without bloodshed. And, she wondered, "Why do not the mothers of mankind interfere in these matters to prevent the waste of that human life of which they alone bear and know the cost?" Howe's version of Mother's Day, which served as an occasion for advocating peace, was held successfully in Boston and elsewhere for several years, but eventually lost popularity and disappeared from public notice in the years preceding World War I.

Anna M. Jarvis (1864-1948) is credited with originating the United States Mother's Day holiday. She never married and was extremely attached to her mother, Mrs. Anna Reese Jarvis. Mrs. Jarvis was a minister's daughter who for 20 years taught Sunday School in the Andrews Methodist Church of Grafton, West Virginia. Miss Jarvis graduated from the Female Seminary in Wheeling, West Virginia, and taught in Grafton before moving to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with the rest of her family. For Anna Jarvis, also known as "Mother Jarvis," community improvement by mothers was only a beginning. Throughout the Civil War she organized women's brigades, asking her workers to do all they could without regard for which side their men had chosen. And, in 1868, she took the initiative to heal the bitter rifts between her Confederate and Union neighbors. The younger Anna Jarvis was only twelve years old in 1878 when she listened to her mother teach a Sunday school lesson on mothers in the Bible. "I hope and pray that someone, sometime, will found a memorial mother's day," the senior Jarvis said. "There are many days for men, but none for mothers."

Anna Reese Jarvis died in Philadelphia in May of 1905. Still unmarried and left alone with her blind sister Elsinore, Anna missed her mother greatly. Two years after her mother's death (1907) Anna Jarvis and her friends began a letter-writing campaign to gain the support of influential ministers, businessmen and congressmen in declaring a national Mother's Day holiday. She poured out a constant stream of letters to men of prominence --President William Taft and former President Theodore Roosevelt among them-- and enlisted considerable help from Philadelphia merchant John Wannamaker. She felt children often neglected to appreciate their mother enough while the mother was still alive. She hoped Mother's Day would increase respect for parents and strengthen family bonds.

THE FIRST MOTHER'S DAY IN U.S.A. / MEANING OF FLOWERS FOR MOTHER'S DAY

Ms. Jarvis persuaded her mother's church in Grafton, West Virginia to celebrate Mother's Day on the second anniversary of her mother's death, the 2nd Sunday of May. Carnations, her mother's favorite flowers, were supplied at that first service by Miss Jarvis. White carnations were chosen because they represented the sweetness, purity and endurance of mother love. Red carnations, in time, became the symbol of a living mother. White ones now signify that one's mother has died. By the next year Mother's Day was also celebrated in Philadelphia. By 1911 Mother's Day was celebrated in almost every state.  Nowdays, flowers have become an almost universal way to send Mother's Day wishes.

U.S. OFFICIAL PROCLAMATION

The House of Representatives in May, 1913, unanimously adopted a resolution requesting the President, his Cabinet, members of Congress, and all officials of the federal government to wear a white carnation on Mother's Day. Congress passed another Joint Resolution May 8, 1914, designating the second Sunday in May as Mother's Day. The U.S. flag is to be displayed on government buildings and at people's homes "as a public expression of our love and reverence for the mothers of our country." President Woodrow Wilson issued the first proclamation making Mother's Day an official national holiday.

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OTHER MOTHER'S DAY OBSERVANCES

The first Mother's Day proclamation was issued by the governor of West Virginia in 1910. Oklahoma celebrated Mother's Day that year as well. By 1911 every state had its own observances. By then other areas celebrating Mother's Day included Mexico, Canada, China, Japan, South America and Africa. The Mother's Day International Association was incorporated on December 12, 1912, with the purpose of furthering meaningful observations of Mother's Day.

While many countries of the world celebrate their own Mother's Day at different times throughout the year, there are some countries such as Denmark, Finland, Italy, Turkey, Australia, and Belgium which also celebrate Mother's Day on the second Sunday of May. Mother's Day is celebrated on May 10th in Bahrain, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and United Arab Emirates.

Mother's Day has endured. It serves now, as it originally did, to recognize the contributions of women. And Mother's Day, like the job of "mothering," is varied and diverse. Perhaps that's only appropriate for a day honoring the multiple ways women find to nurture their families,  their communities, their countries, and the world at large.

THE TRADITION IN MEXICO:

     The Tradition in Mexico for Mother's Day (May 10th in Mexico) is for all of the sons and daughters to come from different places to the house, and on the day before (the 9th) Lo tradicional en Mexico para el dia de las Madres(10 de Mayo), es de que todos los hijos e hijas o la gran mayoria de ellos se reunen en diferentes lugares asi como publicos o sus casas, un dia antes osea el 09 en la noche formando grupos en donde  todos empiezan a prepararse para llevar las tradicionales "Man~anitas" a sus mamas. En donde muchos aprovecha para llevar desde una simple rosa o clavel o hasta un arreglo junto con esto le ayudan a expresar sus sentimientos hacia las sus mamas.

"My mother told me stories all the time... And in all of those stories she told me who I was, who I was Mother's Day flower arrangement supposed to be, whom I came from, and who would follow me... That's what she said and what she showed me in the things she did and the way she lives."

- Paula Gunn Allen, in The Sacred Hoop

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La Historia y Leyendas del Dia de Las Madres

 

El dia de las madres es celebrado por alguien como un presente obligatorio y como un comienzo comercial. Sin embargo mucha gente esta muy agradecida por un cambio de expresion para sus mamas-- y otras mujeres como algo bueno y simple --sentimientos calurosos y una grande apreciacion.

Mucha gente esta desconsertada hacerca de su origen. En los siguientes parrafos de  abajo le presentamos la historia y origen del Dia de las Madres.

Tempranas Celebraciones

     Las mas antiguas conmemoraciones del Dia de las Madres se remontan a las celebraciones primaverales en la antigua Grecia en honor a Rhea, la madre de los dioses.  Durante el siglo 1600, Inglaterra celebraba un dia llamado "Mothering Sunday". Llevado a cabo 4to domingo de la cuaresma - periodo de 40 dias que precede las Pascuas - el dia de "Mothering Sunday" rendia honor a las madres de Gran Bretan~a.
     Durante esta epoca gran parte de la gente mas pobre trabajaba como sirvientes para la clase Burguesa. Como muchos  de los trabajos estaban lejos de sus hogares, los sirvientes vivian en las casas de sus patrones. Al llegar el dia de "Mothering Sunday", a los sirvientes se les permitia tomar el dia libre y se les exhortaba a que regresaran a sus casas para compartir con sus madres. Muchas veces estos llevaban consigo un pastel especial, llamado el "mothering cake", para an~adir un toque festivo.
     Segun la Cristianidad se dispersaba por toda Europa, se comenzo a honrar en ese dia a la "Madre Iglesia" - el poder espiritual que le dio la vida y protegia de todo mal al pueblo.  Con el paso de los an~os, la festividad de la iglesia se combino con la celebracion del "Mothering Sunday". La gente comenzo a honrar a sus madres asi como la iglesia.

DOMINGO DIA DE LAS MADRES EN INGLATERRA

Durante el 1600 en Inglaterra le llamararon " Mothering Sunday", celebrado el 4to Domingo de Cuaresma (tambien llamado Mid-Lend Sunday). "Mothering Sunday" honorando el dia de las madres en Inglaterra. Como la cristiandad se expandio a lo largo de Europa la celebracion cambio a honor de la " Mother Church" --el poder de la espiritualidad que dieron viva y la proteccion de una mala intencion. Cuando el tiempo se termino la Iglesia festejo junto con la celebracion de Modering Sunday. La gente empezo a honorar a sus mamas como algo bueno asi como la Iglesia. Durante este tiempo muchos Ingleses pobres trabajaron como servientes de los ricos. Como la gran mayoria de los trabajos estaban localizados muy lejos de sus casas, los sirvientes vivirian en la casa de sus empleados .En el dia de Modering Sunday los sirvientes tendrian el dia libre y estaran esperanzados de regresar a la casa para pasar  el dia con sus mamas. Un pastel especial, llamado "Mothering Cake", fue a menudo traido solo como un toque especial. Algunas veces el pan Furmety fue servido -con granos de trigo herbidos en leche endulzada y contimentada. En el norte de Inglaterra y Escocia, los refrescos preferidos eran carlings- (pankes fritos en mantequilla con sal y pimienta. En esos lugares se llamaba el Domingo de Carling ( Pan especial hecho para ese dia-Carling Sunday)

Otra clase de pan casero era el Pan Simnel, un rico pan de frutas. La cuaresma dictaba que el pan Simnel deberia de mantenerse hasta  el dia de pascua. Este era cocido en agua, y despues puesto al horno, y a menudo terminado con un glasiado de almendaras. Algunas veces la pasta era de harina y agua, colorada con azafran 

INTERESANTE COMIENZO EN LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS


    En los Estados Unidos, el Dia de las Madres fue sugerido por primera vez el an~o 1872 por Julia Ward Howe, quien escribio la letra de himno de "Batalla De La Republica", como un dia dedicado a la paz. La Sra. Howe llevaba a cabo reuniones del Dia de Las Madres en Boston, Massachusetts, cada an~o.
    En 1907 Anna Jarvis de Philidelphia, comenzo a hacer campan~a para nacionalizar el Dia de las Madres. La Sra. Jarvis persuadio a la iglesia de su madre en Grafton, al oeste de Virginia, para celebrar el Dia de Las Madres en el segundo aniversario de la muerte de su madre, el segundo Domingo de Mayo. Al siguiente an~o el Dia de Las Madres se celebro en Philidelphia.
    La Sra. Jarvis y sus seguidores comenzaron a escribirle a los ministros, hombres de negocios y politicos para establecer un dia nacional en honor a las madres. Su deseo se vio cumplido en 1911, cuando el Dia de Las Madres se celebra en casi todos los estados. El presidente Woodrow Wilson, en 1914, hizo el anuncio oficial proclamando el Dia de Las Madres un dia de fiesta nacional a ser celebrado cada an~o el segundo Domingo De Mayo para los Estados Unidos.

EL PRIMER DIA DE MADRES EN ESTADOS UNIDOS / EL SIGNIFICADO DE LAS FLORES PARA EL DIA DE LAS MADRES

La Sra. Jarvis persuadia su Iglesia de su mama en Grafton, Oeste de Virginia para celebrar el dia de las Madres en el segundo aniversario de la muerte de su mama, el 2ndo dia de Mayo. Claveles, eran las flores favoritas de su mama, eran ofrecidas en el primer servicio de la misa del domingopor la Sra. Jarvis. Los claveles blancos eran escogidos por que ellos representaban, la dulzura, pureza e indurgencia del amor a la madre. Los claveles rojos aveces por que ellos simbolizaban la madre viviente, las blancas ahora significaban a las madres que habian muerto pero al an~o siguiente el dia de las madres tambien era celebrado en Filadelfia. Para el an~o 1911 el dia de las madres era celebrado en casi todo el estado. Hoy en dia las flores han significado la forma mas universal para enviar deseos en el dia de las madres.

PROCLAMACION OFICIAL EN LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS

Casas de representativos en Mayo de 1913 adoptaron una resolucion requiriendo al Presidente, Miembros del Congreso y todos los oficiales del gobierno Federal que usaran un clavel blanco el dia de la Madre.  El congreso paso otro conjunto de resolucion el dia 8 de Mayo de 1914, nombrando el segundo Domingo en Mayo como el dia de las Madres. La Bandera de Estados Unidos es puesta en el edificio de gobierno y en la casa de las personas "como una expresion publica de su amor y reverencia por el dia de las madres de su pais". El presidente Woodrow Wilson dio la primera proclamacion haciendo el dia de las Madres como un dia Festivo Oficial Nacional.

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OTRAS OBSERVACIONES DEL DIA DE LAS MADRES

La primer proclamacion del dia de las Madres fue dicha por el gobierno del Oeste de Virginia en 1910. Oklahoma celebro el dia de las madres como an~os buenos. Por el an~o 1911 cada estado tiene sus propias observaciones. Por otras areas de celebracion del Dia de las Madres incluyendo Mexico, Canada, China, Japan, Sur de America y Africa. El dia Internacional de la Asociacion de las Madres fue incorporada el 12 de Diciembre de 1912 con el proposito de avanzar significativamente en las observaciones del Dia de las Madres.
    Mientras que muchos paises a traves del mundo celebran su propio Dia de Las Madres en diferentes periodos del an~o, hay paises como Dinamarca, Finlandia, Italia, Turquia, Australia, y Belgica que tambien celebran el Dia de las Madres el segundo domingo de Mayo. 10 de Mayo es Dia de las Madres en Bahrain, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Arabia Saudita, Singapur, y United Arab Emirates.
El dia de las madres se ha mantenido. Este servicio ahora es como la originalidad de resaltar la contribucion de las mujeres.

LO TRADICIONAL EN MEXICO:

Lo tradicional en Mexico para el dia de las Madres(10 de Mayo), es de que todos los hijos e hijas o la gran mayoria de ellos se reunen en diferentes lugares asi como publicos o sus casas, un dia antes osea el 09 en la noche formando grupos en donde  todos empiezan a prepararse para llevar las tradicionales "Man~anitas" a sus mamas. En donde muchos aprovecha para llevar desde una simple rosa o clavel o hasta un arreglo junto con esto le ayudan a expresar sus sentimientos hacia las sus mamas.

Mi mama me dijo historias todo el tiempo.. Y en todas esas historias me dijo quien soy, quien soy Mother's Day flower arrangement supongo de quien vengo, de donde vengo y a quien deberia seguir...Eso es lo que ella dijo y lo que me ensen~o en las cosas que hizo y la forma en que vive."

- Paula Gunn Allen, del libro La Sacred Hoop

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