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St. Patrick's Day History, Legends, Trivia, and Information 
The Shamrock     The Leprechaun

La Leyenda de San Patrick:Trivia, Historia e Informacion - click aqui 
El Trebol      El Duende

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Who is St. Patrick Anyway?
According to the World Book, St. Patrick lived about 389-461A.D., and is the patron saint of Ireland. Patrick was chiefly graphic of St. Patrick (26936 bytes) responsible for converting the Irish people to Christianity. He became known as the Apostle to the Irish. His Latin name is Patricius.

Patrick was born in Britian. His father was a wealthy alderman and a Christian. When Patrick was 16 years old, pirates captured him during a raid and sold him as a slave in Ireland.  He served as a shepherd of an Irish Chieftain in Ulster. During his captivity, he dedicated himself to religion. After 6 years of slavery he escaped and returned home to Britian.

As a result of his experiences in Ireland, Patrick became driven by the idea of converting the Irish to Christianity. To prepare himself for the task, he studied in the monastery of Lerins, an island off the coast of France.  He also went to Auxerre, France and studied religion under Saint Germanus, a French Bishop.  Partly because Patrick's earlier education was inadequate, his religious superiors were reluctant to let him return to Ireland as a missionary. After Palladius, the first Irish missionary bishop died in 431, Pope Celestine I sent Patrick to Ireland.

Patrick began his work where no one had ever preached Christianity. He gained the trust and friendship of several tribal leaders and soon made many converts. He is said to have founded more than 300 churches and baptized more than 120,000 people. He brought clergymen from England and France for his new churches. He succeeded in his mission to Ireland, even though many British clergymen opposed him and the way he organized the churches. Patrick preached in Ireland for the rest of his life.

Several of Patricks writing have survived and serve as the most important sources of information about his work and life. Patrick wrote "Confession", an account of his spiritual developement. In it he justified his mission to Ireland, and expressed his humility and thankfulness that God had called him to serve the Irish. Patrick also wrote a letter to Coroticus, in which he criticized a raid on Ireland conducted by Coroticus, a British chieftain. During the raid, several of Patrick's converts were killed. The letter also reflects Patrick's resentment of the scornful attitude of British clergymen and nobility toward the Irish.

Where is St. Patrick Buried? One legend has it that he was buried in the same grave as St. Bridget and St. Columba, at Downpatrick, County Down. The jawbone of St. Patrick was believed to be preserved in a silver shrine and was often requested in times of childbirth, epileptic fits and as a preservative against the evil eye. Another legend says St. Patrick ended his days at Glastonbury and was buried there. The Chapel of St. Patrick still exists as part of Galstonbury Abbey. There is evidence of an Irish pilgrimage to his tomb during the reign of the Saxon King Ine in A.D. 688, when a group of pilgrims
headed by St. Indractus were murdered. The great anxiety displayed in the middle ages to possess the bodies, or at least the relics of saints, accounts for the many discrepant traditions as to the burial places of St. Patrick and others.

Legends about Patrick:

Many of the stories about Patrick are based only on legends.

One of the best known tales tells how he charmed the snakes of Ireland into the sea so that they drowned. Different tales tell of his standing upon a hill,  and using a wooden staff, drove the serpents into the sea, banishing them forever from the shores of Ireland. One legend says that one old snake resisted, but the saint overcame it by cunning. He is said to have made a box and invited the reptile to enter. The snake insisted the box was too small and the discussion became very heated. Finally the snake entered the box to prove he was right, whereupon St Patrick slammed the lid and cast the box into the sea. While it is true there are no snakes in Ireland, chances are that there never have been snakes since the time the island was separated from the rest of the continent at the end of the ice age. As in many old pagan religions serpent symbols were common, and possibly even worshipped. Driving the snakes from Ireland was most likely symbolic of putting an end to that pagan practice.

According to another tale, Patrick used a three-leaf shamrock to illustrate the idea of the Trinity. Many people believe the shamrock came to be the traditional symbol of Ireland as a result of this legend. Today, his feast day, March 17th is celebrated as a national holiday in Ireland.

St. Patrick also introduced the Roman alphabet and Latin literature into Ireland. After his death, about 461AD, Irish monasteries flourished as centers of learning.

Compton's Encyclopedia adds that despite a constant threat to his life, Patrick traveled widely, baptizing, confirming, preaching and building churches and monasteries. Patrick succeeded in converting almost the entire population of the island. His "Epistola" pleads the case of the Christian Irish at the hands of their British conquerors. Patrick's writings have come to be appreciated for their simplicity and humility.

shamrock.jpg (2549 bytes)The Shamrock

The shamrock (at one called the "Searoy" is a type of small herb with leaves made up of three leaflets, and is the common name for any of several three-leafed clovers native to Ireland. The Irish have considered shamrocks as good luck symbols since earliest times, and today many people of other nationalities have adopted that belief. It has become the national symbol of Ireland, because of the legend that St. Patrick used it to illustrate the doctrine of the Trinity.

Preaching in the open air on the doctrine of the trinity, he is said to have illustrated the existence of the Three in One by plucking a shamrock from the grass growing at his feet and showing it to his congregation. It symbolizes the cross and blessed trinity.

The legend of the  shamrock is also connected with that of the banishment of the serpent tribe from Ireland by a tradition that snakes are never seen on trefoil and that it is a remedy against the stings of snakes and scorpions. The trefoil in Arabia is called shamrakh and was sacred in Iran as an emblem of the Persian triads. The trefoil, as noted above, being a sacred plant among the Druids, and three being a mystical number in the Celtic religion as well as all others, it is probable that St. Patrick must have been aware of the significance of his illustration.

The Leprechaun

clepruchaun1.gif (12380 bytes)The Leprechaun is an Irish fairy. He looks like a small, old man (about 2 feet tall), often dressed like a shoemaker,with a cocked hat and a leather apron.   According to legend, leprechauns are aloof,  unfriendly, live alone, and pass their time making shoes. They also possess a hidden pot of gold. Treasure hunters can often track down a leprechaun by the sound of his shoemaker's hammer. If caught, he can be forced (with the threat of bodily violence) to reveal the location of his treasure, but the captor must keep their eyes on him every second. If the captor's eyes leave the leprechaun (and he often tricks them into looking away), he vanishes and all hopes of finding the treasure are lost.  Legend has it that you can find the leprechaun and his pot of gold at the end of a rainbow.

 

La Leyenda de San Patrick:Trivia, Historia e Informacion 

 De cualquier manera Quien es San Patrick?

De acuerdo al libro World, San Patrick vivio alrededor de los an~os 389-461 D.C., y es el patron de Irlanda. El fue graphic of St. Patrick (26936 bytes) principalmente responsable de convertir a los Irlandeses a Cristianos.Se hizo conocedor como apostol para los Irlandeses. Su nombre Latino es Patricio. Patrick nacio en Inglaterra. Su papa fue rico y Cristiano. Cuando Patrick tenia 16 an~os de edad, los piratas lo capturaron durante un asalto y lo vendieron como un esclavo en Irlandia. El sirvio como un pastor Irlanda del Norte. Durante su cautividad, el se dedico a la religion. Depues de 6 an~os de esclavitud el se escapo y regreso a su casa a Inglaterra.

Como un resultado de su experiencia en Irlanda, Patrick se hizo compulsivo por la idea de convertir a los Irlandeses a Cristianos. Solo se preparo para la prueba, estudio en el Monasterio de Irlanda del Norte, en una Isla a un costado de Francia. El tambien fue a Auxerre, Francia y estudio religio en San Geronimo, un Obispado Frances. En parte porque su educacion anterior fue inadecuada, su religion superior estuvo reclutada para que el sabiera regresar a Irlanda como un misionario. Despues de Palladius, el primer Obispo misionero Irlandes murio en 431, El papa envio a Patrick a Irlanda.

Patrick empezo su trabajo donde no habia ningun predicador cristiano. El mejoro la verdad y la amistad de varias lideres  y muy pronto hicieron algunas conversiones. El dijo que habia encontrado mas de 300 Iglesias y bautizado a mas de 120,000 personas. El trajo el clero de Inglaterra y Francia para sus nuevas Iglesias El triunfo en sus misiones en Irlanda, aunque muchos de los clerigos britanicos se le oponian en la forma en que el organizaba a las Iglesias. Patrick predido en Irlanda por el resto de su vida.

Varios escritos de Patrick han sobrevivido y servido como los mas importantes fuentes de importacion hacera de su trabajo y vida. Patrick escribio " Confesion", una cuenta de su desarollo espiritual. En eso el justifico su  mision a Irlanda y expreso su humildad y agradecimiento de que Dios lo haiga llamado a el para servir a los Irlandeses. Patrick tambien escribio una carta a Coroticos, en la cual critico un atraco en Irlanda conducidos por Croticos, un lider Britanico durante el atraco, varios de los convertidos de Patricio fueron muertos. La carta tambien refleja resentimientos de Patricio de la actitud de clerigos Britanicos y nobleza encontra de los Irlandeses. 

Donde fue enterrado San Patrick? Una leyenda tiene que el fue enterrado en la misma tumba de San Bridget y Santa Columba en la ciudad de Downpatrick, en la colonia Down. La quijada de San Patricio es reservada en un plato de plata y por mucho tiempo la gente preguntaba por ella y se la llevaba a su casa cuando alguien estaba enfermo para proteccion del mal ojo. Otras leyendas dicen que los ultimos dias de San Patricio los vivio en Glastonbury y en esa ciudad fue donde el fue enterrado. La capilla de Sn. Patricio todavia existe como una parte de un monasterio en Glastonbury. Hay evidencia de una peregrinacion de Irlandeses a su tumba durante el reinado del Rey Ine AD 688, cuando un grupo de peregrineses dirigidos por San Indractus fue matado. La gran preocupacion ansiosa de poseer las reliquias o los cuerpos de los Santos, y por eso es que hay muchas variaciones de tradiciones del lugar de donde esta el cuerpo de San Patricio ya que toda la gente queria una parte de su cuerpo y otros.

Leyendas acerca de San Patricio:

Algunas de las historia de Sn. Patricio estan basadas en leyendas.

Una de la mejor conocida historia dice como el hechizo de las serpientes de Irlanda dentro del mar, asi como  ellos estan ahogadas. Diferentes historias o anecdotas dicen que que esta de pie en la cima de la colina,usando un baston de mando de madera manejando las serpientes que estan dentro del mar, las desterro para siempre de la tierra de Irlanda. Una de las leyendas dice que una serpiente vieja resiste, pero San Patricio es mas listo por su inteligencia. El dice que tiene una caja y envita a las serpientes a que entren. La serpiente insiste que la caja es muy chica y empieza la discusion muy fuerte. Finalmente la serpiente entra a la caja para prueba de que el esta bien e inmediatamente Sn. Patricio cierra la caja, y despues el tira la caja dentro del mar. Mientras es verdad no hay serpientes en Irlanda, probablemente nunca mas haiga serpientes por que es una isla separada del resto del continente al final de la epoca. En el tiempo de los paganos de oro tenian a la serpiente como un simbolo comun, y posiblemente la adoraban. Forzaron a las serpientes a salir de Irlanda fue este  probablemente un simbolo de terminacion de practicas  paganas. 

Una de las mejores leyendas nos dice como el guio a las culebras a Irlanda hacia el mar para que estas se ahogaran. De acuerdo con otra historia, Patricio uso un Trevol de 3 hojas para ilustrar la idea de la Trinidad. Muchas personas creian que el Trevol venia del simbolo de la tradicon de Irlanda como un resultado de esta Leyenda. Hoy, su Dia de Fiesta 17 de Marzo es celebrado como un dia festivo Nacional en Irlanda.

San Patrico tambien introdujo el alfabeto Romano y la literatura Latina a Irlanda, despues de su muerte alrededor de los 461 DC, los monasterios Irlandeses fungieron como centros de aprendizaje.

La Enciclopedia de Compton agrega que apesar de la constante trato a su vida, Patrcio viajo ampliamente, bautizando, confirmando, predicando y contruyendo Iglesias y monasterios. Patricio triunfo convertiendo casi a la mayor parte de la poblacion de la Isla. Su " Epistola" predica el caso del Irlandes Cristiano en las manos de sus conquistadores Britanicos. San Patricio escribio para ser apreciado por su sencillez y humildad.

shamrock.jpg (2549 bytes)El Trebol

El Trebol es un tipo de hojas pequen~as hecho de 3 petalos, y su nombre comun por las 3 hojas es El Trebol de 3 hojas nativo de Irlanda. Este fue hecho el Simbolo Nacional de Irlanda, porque la leyenda que San Patricio uso para ilustrar la doctrina de la Trinidad. Los Irlandeses los consideran los treboles como de buena suerte, desde tempranas fechas y la gente de hoy en dia de otras nacionalidades la adoptaron esta creencia.

The legend of the  shamrock is also connected with that of the banishment of the serpent tribe from Ireland by a tradition that snakes are never seen on trefoil and that it is a remedy against the stings of snakes and scorpions. The trefoil in Arabia is called shamrakh and was sacred in Iran as an emblem of the Persian triads. The trefoil, as noted above, being a sacred plant among the Druids, and three being a mystical number in the Celtic religion as well as all others, it is probable that St. Patrick must have been aware of the significance of his illustration.

clepruchaun1.gif (12380 bytes) El Duende

El Duente es Irlandes. El es chaparrito, de edad avanzada( un poco mas de medio metro de estatura),muy a menudo se vestia como un zapatero, con sombrero y un mandil de piel. De acuerdo a la leyenda, los duendes se mantenian a distancia y eran innamigables (antipaticos), vivian solos y pasaban todo el tiempo haciendo zapatos.Ellos poseian una holla de oro pero la tenian aguarda.Los buscadores de tesoros pueden con frecuencia localizar  un duende por medio de los sonidos de sus martillos. Si lo agarras, el puede ser forzado (con la amenaza de que sera golpeado) para revelar el lugar hacerca de la holla de oro, pero el capturador debera mantener sus ojos fijos en los de el en cada momento. Si el capturador mueve sus ojos del duende (porque el  menudo te esta distrayendo para que veas a otro lado), el desaparese y todos esperan encontrar el tesoro que esta perdido. La leyenda dice que puedes encontar al duende y a su holla de oro al final del arcoiris.

 

 

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